Mount Everest (Tallest Peak) Facts

  • Silu Pandey
  • Last Updated on Aug 24, 2023

Mt. Everest, the highest mountain in the universe at an altitude of 8848.86 meters above sea level.  It is bestraddled between Nepal and Tibet. 

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Both countries operate adventure activities like treks, tours, and expeditions in the Everest region. Reaching on top of Mt. Everest at the highest elevation in the world is the dream of many climbers. The most changeable topographical climatic conditions of the Everest region make trekking and climbing activities challenging. This region opened colorful trekking and mountaineering trails after 1953 when the first climbers Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa successfully took their feet on top of Mt. Everest. The great reviews of the Everest visitors depending on their experiences added more importance to the Everest.
Every traveler is eager to know about the geography, flora and fauna, people, culture, and traditions of the Khumbu region. So, before planning any kind of activities in the Everest region, you need to know some facts including creepy about the Everest region. The facts are written below;

Who named "Mount Everest"?

Mount Everest refers to Sagarmatha in Nepali language whereas Chomolungma in Tibetan language. 
In the early period, Mt. Everest was named as Peak XV. But after 1865 AD, this peak was named as Mount. Everest by Sir George Everest. He was the General British Surveyor of India.
Firstly, Mount Everest was observed by Andrew Waugh who proposed the name Mt. Everest because of his deep respect for Sir George Everest.

Do you know the location of Mt. Everest?

Mount Everest is situated in southeast Asia in the world. It is situated in the Mahalangur Subrange of the Himalayas on the border of Tibet and Nepal. 
In Nepal, it is located in the Solukhumbu district of Nepal where the Sagarmatha National Park is situated. On the other hand, Mt. Everest lies in Tibet as well.

How tall is Mt. Everest?

Mt. Everest is renowned as the tallest peak in the world. It was 8848 meters high above sea level. Radhanath, an Indian Surveyor discovered Everest as the highest mountain in the universe in 1852 AD.
However, different Surveyors from many countries have been arguing the height of Mt. Everest every year. And it's height grows 4 mm every year due to the tectonic plates uplift. 
Recently in 2020, the height of Mt. Everest was surveyed again in the agreement of the Nepal and Chinese governments, and discovered that the height of Everest lifted up at 0.86 meters above sea level. It was agreed that due to the earthquake in 2025, its height may be uplifted. Now, Mt. Everest is 8848.86 meters above sea level.

Geographical Facts

The mountain, Everest is surrounded by other mesmerizing high Himalayas. They are Changtse, Lhotse, Nuptse, and Khumbutse, lie on the northern, southern, and western sides of Mt. Everest.  Besides, there are 500 glaciers between the ridges, such as Pumori, Rongbuk, Khumbu,  and others.

Who is the first climber of Mt. Everest?

According to the historical record, Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa were the first climbers of Mt. Everest. They are from New Zealand and Nepal respectively, and climbed on 29 May 1953. 
However, George Mallory from British tried to climb Mt. Everest in 1921. But there is no record of whether he succeeded.

Belief and Culture

Before the British revolutionized climbing, Mount Everest (mountain god) was worshiped, protected, and never climbed by the Sherpa of Khumbu region. So, a Buddhist Spiritual Leader (Lama) performs some ritual works before the Everest Expedition in order to protect the mountaineers.

How do you get to the Everest region in Nepal?

To get to the Everest region, you need to have an international flight to Kathmandu. It is the capital city of Nepal. From Kathmandu, you need to take a domestic flight to Lukla. Lukla is open for many adventurous activities such as the Everest base camp trek, three high passes trek, Chola pass trek, Island peak climbing, etc. The Everest Base Camp Helicopter Tour and Everest Moutain Flight are other short activities that also showcase the views of the world's tallest mountain.

Everest Base Camp Trek Duration

Everest base camp trek is possible for short and long duration. 12 days for the shorter trekking duration while it can be done for 14 days, 20 days, and others. But if you wish to see Mt. Everest within one day, you can join the Helicopter tour. You can get help from our travel and tour specialists for customizing the EBC trek that matches your itineraries and interests.

Survival in the Everest region of Nepal

The main survival of the Everest region is Sherpa. It is an ethnic group, that belongs to the Tibetan Buddhist community. Sherpa practices Buddhism and scatter up to 4270 meters above sea level in the Khumbu region of Nepal.
Everyone knows that there is thin air in the high-altitude mountainous area due to the lack of greeneries. But Sherpa is only such a group that inherits the trait of hemoglobin production which assists them to function easily in low-oxygen high elevation places.
Their main earnings depend on tourism. They work as porters, guides, and hoteliers in the Khumbu region.
There are numerous visiting sites in the Khumbu region of Nepal. They are Mount Everest, Cho La Pass, Renjo La Pass, Island Peak, Sagarmatha National Park, Tengboche Monastery, and so on.
The Sagarmatha National Park is a beautiful park of Khumbu region at an altitude of 6000 meters above sea level. It is enlisted in the World's UNESCO Site. It includes numerous flora and fauna like rhododendron, red panda, Himalayan monal, snow leopard, musk deer, etc. Besides, only Himalayan Jumping Spiders survive in high elevations.

Some creepy facts

According to the government record, more than 300 mountaineers sacrificed their lives during the Everest Expedition. Almost 14.1% is the death rate and numerous dead bodies were not dismissed and never be found in the trail to Mt. Everest. However, some were recognized through their clothes or the parts of their bodies that were ruined completely in the snow.
Recently in 2015, due to an earthquake, an avalanche from Mt. Pumori caused and affected the Everest base camp which killed more than 22 travellers. It is assumed that more than 8000 kgs of human feces were left.


The glorious Mt. Everest is popular in the tourism industry not in Nepal only, but also in the entire world. It is the highest point of the universe and offers a unique topography, diverse climate, and flora and fauna.


Please, contact us for customizing any kind of trek and mountaineering in the Everest region of Nepal. We always try to serve you safely with enormous knowledge and experience.

Silu Pandey

Silu Pandey